United States decision, which upheld internment camps for USA citizens and noncitizens of Japanese descent during World War II, Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. wrote: "Korematsu was gravely wrong the day it was decided, has been overruled in the court of history, and - to be clear - 'has no place in law under the Constitution'". He wrote that presidents have substantial power to regulate immigration. So this travel ban, by the third version, they had neutralized any anti-Muslim animus. Those rulings were largely upheld by federal appeals courts in Richmond, Virginia, and San Francisco.
Taeb said the travel ban, which comes at the backdrop of the "zero-tolerance policy" at the USA border that has seen more than 2,000 children taken away from their families, was a policy centered on "advancing a white nationalist agenda".
The president was in the White House residence when he found out about the 5-4 ruling. Sotomayor said simply, "I dissent".
Sabina Mohyuddin of the American Muslim Advisory Council of Tennessee said the travel ban and increased enforcement - at the border and elsewhere - is all a part of Trump's anti-immigrant agenda.
The administration said that the ban was the result of carefully considering national security interests, but critics argued it was fulfilling a campaign promise for "a total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States".
The ban prevents entry into the United States by most people from Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Yemen. The version of the travel ban at issue was the third iteration, and applies to travellers from North Korea and five mainly Muslim nations -Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Yemen - or about 150 million people.
The travel ban has been fully in place since the court declined to block it in December.
"We must make it crystal clear to our elected representatives: If you are not taking action to rescind and dismantle Trump's Muslim ban, you are not upholding this country's most basic principles of freedom and equality".
"We express no view on the soundness of the policy", Roberts wrote.
"The ruling shows that all of the attacks from the media and the Democrat politicians are wrong, and they turned out to be very wrong, and what we're looking for as Republicans, I can tell you, is strong borders, no crime", a defiant Trump said from the White House.
But the Supreme Court ended its term previous year by issuing a middle-ground ruling that allowed the travel ban to take effect, except for foreign visitors who have a close family tie or business affiliation in the United States. For example, Yemenis-who must travel to Djibouti to have their visas processed because there is no USA embassy in Yemen-are now stuck in a foreign country, unable to return home or to reunite with family in the United States.
Although Roberts' majority opinion repudiated Korematsu, the court ignored its crucial lesson.
On Tuesday, the ban was allowed to stand by the Supreme Court, which rejected arguments that it represented unconstitutional religious discrimination.
Justice Sonia Sotomayor pointed to what she called "stark parallels" between the 1944 Korematsu decision and Tuesday's ruling, which upheld Trump administration restrictions on would-be visitors from Iran, Libya, North Korea, Syria, Venezuela, Somalia and Yemen.
The decision overruled by the Supreme Court on Tuesday, Korematsu v.
"The ruling will go down in history as one of the Supreme Court's great failures", said Omar Jadwat, a lawyer for the American Civil Liberties Union, which challenged the ban.
(Chad was later removed from the list, just before oral argument.) As a result of the president's proclamation, USA citizens and lawful permanent residents are indefinitely separated from their spouses, children, parents, and siblings overseas.