Other agencies will largely shut down, including the Internal Revenue Service, the Social Security Administration, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Department of Education, the Commerce Department, the Labor Department, and the Environmental Protection Agency. Garrett says he's in favor of extending the Children's Health Insurance Plan now and that the Deferred Action for Children Arrivals can be addressed down the road before it expires in March. According to Vox, this would be the first time in the history of the United States' for a shutdown to occur "under a single party government", that is, when one party controls both the Senate and the House.
The last government shutdown took place during Obama's presidency in 2013 and lasted two weeks - more than 800,000 federal employees were furloughed during this period. The shutdown cost the US economy at least $24 billion, according to the financial ratings agency Standard & Poor's.
The government shutdown has begun. Basically, if someone could die, or if the economy could face irreparable harm if a federal worker is off the job, they aren't going to be furloughed.
Two occurred during the Clinton administration, including the longest shutdown.
May 1, 1980: Only one agency - the Federal Trade Commission - stopped working for one day after the government failed to decide how much the agency should be spending.
But what is considered essential and nonessential?
There have been three significant government shutdowns.
Nov 20-23 1981: The first major government shutdown and the first for the Ronald Reagan government. Because the nation's capital budget comes from Congress, if a shutdown were to happen, garbage collectors could be placed on furlough too.
The government was operating on a stopgap funding bill that passed on December 21, which followed a separate stopgap bill that passed in September.
If the shutdown goes on for weeks, about 1.3 million active-duty military will be expected to work potentially without pay.
The most recent occurred October 1 to October 16, 2013, under former President Barack Obama, over a dispute between Republicans and Democrats over the Affordable Care Act. According to The New York Times, this shutdown sent 500,000 workers home and cost the taxpayers $62 million.
What will happen to furloughed workers?"All employees with the Special Counsel's Office are considered exempt and would continue their operations in the case of a lapse in appropriations", the spokesperson said.But if you had plans for a vacation to visit any national parks, zoos or museums, those will be closed.The shutdown would also affect the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, meaning if you wanted a gun permit, you'll have to wait until the shutdown is over.Essential services, such as Social Security, air traffic control and the Transportation Security Administration, will continue to be funded even if some employees of those agencies are not.
Why is there a shutdown again?
In shutdowns, non-essential government employees are furloughed, or placed on temporary unpaid leave. Three of these shutdowns were the most significant. Bush as Minority Whip in the House and against Mr. Clinton as House Speaker. The CR that could be considered Thursday would fund the government through February 16.
"Meanwhile, the House passed a long-term funding package and reauthorized CHIP months ago". The Washington Post reported that about 800,000 workers were furloughed and another "1.3 million workers were required to work without knowing their payment dates".