Israel closed the Gilboa Crossing in the northern West Bank after Palestinians threw rocks at it during a demonstration, the Israeli Defense Ministry said Thursday.
Residents in the Gaza Strip reported that there were no casualties from the strikes, according to Reuters.
The Israeli military said two rockets were launched toward Israel, but fell short of their intended destination and landed inside Gaza.
An Islamist militant group called the Al-Tawheed Brigades took credit for firing the rockets at Israel.
The Spokesperson's Unit also confirmed a third rocket that was sacked toward Israel and reached Israeli territory.
Clashes were also reported throughout Judea and Samaria as Palestinians rioted following United States President Donald Trump's declaration Wednesday night that the U.S. recognizes Jerusalem as Israel's capital.
He called on Palestinian Authority to be "courageous' and announce that Oslo accords are over".
Dozens of Palestinians in Gaza also staged violent protests along the security fence surrounding the coastal enclave, throwing rocks and rolling burning tires at the barrier and the Israeli soldiers on the other side.
Trump's announcement, which was warmly received by Israel, overturns decades of precedent and runs counter to global consensus, with no other country now taking the same stance. Although the decision's long-term effects on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and attempts at peace remain unclear, the announcement has caused an immediate wave of unrest.
Jerusalem's status is among the most hard issues in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and the USA traditional position has been that it must be negotiated between the two sides.